He edited the Anarcho-Syndicalist papers Golos Trouda (Voice of Labour) and Novy Golos Trouda (New Voice of Labour). Arrested on March 8, 1921, during the Kronstadt revolt, he was held with other comrades in the Taganka Prison, Moscow. Four months later he went on hunger strike for ten and a half days and ended it only when the intervention of European Syndicalists attending a congress of the Red Trade Union International, secured for him and his comrades the possibility to seek exile abroad.
He went to Berlin, where he edited Rabotchi Put (Labour's Path), a paper of the Russian Syndicalists in exile. Three years later he went to Paris, then to the U.S., where he settled in Chicago. There he edited Golos Truzhenika (Worker's Voice) and later Dielo Trauda-Probuzhdenie (Labour's Cause-Awakening) until his death on March 16, 1950.
Maximoff died while yet in the prime of life, as the result of heart
trouble, and was mourned by all who had the good fortune to know him. He was
not only a lucid thinker, but a man of stainless character and broad human
understanding. And he was a whole person. in whom clarity of thought and
warmth of feeling were united in the happiest way. He lived as an Anarchist,
not because he felt some sort of duty to do so, imposed from outside, but
because he could not do otherwise, for his innermost being always caused him
to act as he felt and thought.